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"Albany" class cruiser . US Navy guided missile cruisers, 1:350 scale . Especially for those who are called the cruiser "Long Beach" ugly ))) Three American monsters, rebuilt heavy cruisers of WWII. The "Albany" class guided missile cruisers were converted "Baltimore" and "Oregon City" class heavy cruisers of the United States Navy. All original superstructure and weapons were removed and replaced. The converted ships had new very high superstructures and relied heavily on aluminum to save weight. After the first successful experiments with missile weapons, the U.S. Navy decided on the global modernisation of the artillery cruiser type "Baltimore" from the ships dismantled all the weapons, cut off the superstructure and smashed them inside. And now, 4 years later, the sea came the incredible "thunder" with a very tall superstructure and macro-pipes, dotted with secret electronic equipment. That this ship was once heavy artillery cruiser type "Baltimore" resembled the shape of the nasal tip. Despite its ugly appearance, "Albany series" cruisers was a cool warships that are able to provide in the near zone quality air defense aircraft carrier connections (by the standards of those years) the range of fire Talos SAM was more than 150 km, and almost two hundred missiles onboard allowed a long time to fend off enemy aircraft. The weapon systems carried included the Mk77 missile fire-control system with four AN/SPG-49 fire-control radars and two Mk12 twin launchers for their armament of 104 Talos long-range surface-to-air missiles, one forward and one aft. These cruisers also carried an armament of 84 shorter-ranged Tartar missiles launched from two Mk11 twin launchers, one to the port of and one to the starboard of the cruiser's main superstructure. The Tartar missiles were controlled by the Mk74 missile fire-control system with four AN/SPG-51 fire-control radars. Some space was allocated amidships on these cruisers for the possible installation of eight Polaris missiles, but the concept to add these ballistic missiles were dropped in mid-1959. For anti-submarine warfare (ASW), one eight-cell Mk112 "matchbox" ASROC missile launcher was installed amidships on each of these cruisers, located between their two stacks. Also for ASW purposes, two triple Mk32 torpedo tubes for the Mk46 ASW torpedo were installed. These cruisers were initially converted into all-missile warships with no naval guns, but later on, two open-mount Mk24 5-inch (127 mm) 38 calibre guns were added to the port side and the starboard side, near their aft exhaust stacks. In the late 1960s "Chicago" and "Albany" underwent major engineering overhauls and both the missile systems (Talos and Tartar) had new digital fire control system upgrades to handle the increasing threat from Soviet Navy anti-ship cruise missiles and aircraft. "Columbus" did not receive these missile system upgrades due to lack of funding. The Talos system was deactivated on the "Albany" class (leaving them with the Tartar as the only SAM system operational) and all other ships in the fleet that carried it during 1976. In late 1979 the two surviving ships ("Chicago" and "Albany") were scheduled for massive overhauls. SM-1 (MR) missiles (which were to replace the Tartar system), as well as two Phalanx CIWS and two four-cell Harpoon missile launchers were planned to be installed, as well as a major refitting of the ships' machinery, structure, and electronics. The funding appropriated for this work was diverted, however, to other ships and both cruisers were finally decommissioned in 1980. The effectiveness of these ships is evidenced by the fact that all three ships served extensively through the 1960s and 1970s with "Chicago" being a long time flagship for the Third Fleet in the Pacific, and "Albany" serving likewise as the Second Fleet flagship in the Western Atlantic and as the Sixth Fleet flagship in the Mediterranean. "Cold War" episode. American missile cruiser "Chicago" and Soviet helicopter cruiser "Leningrad". Red Sea straight, 1973. My model is built in the scale of 1: 350, for the construction took 955 (712) bricks.


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